sufficient intervening cause

Merriam-Webster. In the Kitter case, which involved a multiple car accident, the court found there was a superseding intervening cause sufficient to relieve the tortfeasor of liability. It must be an independent force, entirely superseding the original action and rendering its effect in the causation remote. 806, 808. efficient intervening cause see cause 1. An efficient intervening cause is the new and independent act which itself is a proximate cause of an injury and which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury. That is, it was not an intervening act. katiew1995. Sappideen, Vines, Grant & Watson, Torts: Commentary and Materials (Lawbook Co, 10th ed, 2009), pp. 1: a reasonable ground in fact and circumstance for a belief in the existence of certain circumstances (as that an offense has been or is being committed, that a person is guilty of an offense, that a particular … Other entries in this encyclopedia dealwith the nature of causation as that relation is referr… 3. IS A CONTRIBUTORY CAUSE TEST SUFFICIENT? The intervening cause becomes a superseding cause relieving a defendant of liability when it “was unforeseeable by a reasonable person in the position of the original actor and when, looking backward, after the event, the intervening act appears extraordinary.” Ontiveros, 136 Ariz. at 506. Intervening cause will not be deemed to have broken causal connection if intervening cause was foreseen or reasonably might have been foreseen by wrongdoer. Seemingly the central interests that justify having an entry oncausation in the law in a philosophy encyclopedia are: to understandjust what is the law’s concept of causation, if it has one; tosee how that concept compares to the concept of causation is use inscience and in everyday life; and to examine what reason(s) there arejustifying or explaining whatever differences there may be between thetwo concepts of causation. If the intervening cause is independent of the defendant’s conduct, then the intervening cause was not reasonably foreseeable and there is no sufficient relationship to the defendant’s conduct. A sufficient cause interaction is said to be present between X 1, ... For two exposures, X 1 and X 2, we let D x 1 x 2 denote the counterfactual value of D intervening to set X 1 = x 1 and X 2 = x 2. Merriam-Webster. In all Florida personal injury cases, the plaintiff must prove certain facts before they will be entitled to receive compensation for their injuries. Therefore, it is unfair to hold the defendant liable for the result of the intervening cause. Chapter 9 35 Terms. Torts 1L NEGLIGENCE 27 Terms. Thus the presence of y does not imply the prior occurrence of x. Contributory causes For some specific effect, in a singular case, a factor that is a contributory cause is one among several co-occurrent causes. 3d __(Ala. Civ. cause: [noun] a reason for an action or condition : motive. This is the concept of an ‘intervening cause’, that some new event or events result in the accused’s actions not being a significant contributing cause of death” (para. How all this plays out, of course, depends on the facts of your case. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "sufficient cause" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. See Ontiveros v. Borak, 667 P.2d 200, 205-06 (Ariz. 1983). Chapter 9 35 Terms. Cause Sufficient to Excuse Procedural Default. Causation and Intervening Injuries ... That contribution was legally sufficient to establish causation. App. In the concurrent cause cases—the two sufficient fires joining to burn the victim’s house—each fire is said to be a necessary element of its own sufficient set, so each fire is a cause. An "intervening efficient cause" is a new and independent force which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and injury, and itself becomes direct and immediate cause of injury. To recover damages, causation requires that the plaintiff's harm was caused by defendant's wrongdoing. CBC ombudsman Esther Enkin says that, while a core value of the organization is independence, there is no explicit rule stating journalists should not get involved in a story, but to do so would have to be under a particular set of circumstances such as imminent loss of life. 3d __(Ala. Civ. Hence, the concept of efficient intervening cause is subsumed by the … YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... chapter 5 (Negligence and Strict Liability) 9 Terms. dhuffman73 . School University of San Diego; Course Title LAW LWBC550; Uploaded By kenticknap. Causation (Multiple sufficient causes (Intervening acts (Acts by the…: Causation (Multiple sufficient causes, Factual Causation - but for test Barnett V Chelsea and Kensignton, Chester V Afshar, Divisibility, ) This should not be used for legal research but instead can be used to find solutions that will help you do legal research. In Gerlach v. State, 9 Neb. sufficient intervening cause, the negligent act of the truck driver, which was the actual cause of the tragedy. 4 Intervening act; 5 Multiple sufficient causes; 6 Successive causes; 7 Exceptional cases; 8 End; 9 References; Required Reading . Therefore, it is unfair to hold the defendant liable for the result of the intervening cause. It is immaterial how many new elements or forces have been introduced, if the original cause remains active, the … Ohio case law has In other words, a superseding cause is an intervening act that is legally sufficient to transfer blame for the harm in question from the defendant to a third party, or to a natural event. In Criminal Procedure, Probable Cause is the reasonable basis for the belief that someone has committed a particular crime. Further Readings . Business Law Chapter 7 24 Terms. In other words each is sufficient but not necessary, though one of the two is necessary. An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. It Usually Comes Down to Foreseeability. something that brings about an effect or a result. An independent intervening cause is something that breaks the chain of causation. 131, 145 N.E. Independent sufficient causes When two or more negligent parties, where the consequence of their negligence joins together to cause damages, in a circumstance where either one of them alone would have caused it anyway, each is deemed to be an "Independent Sufficient Cause," because each could be deemed a "substantial factor," and both are held legally responsible for the damages. If the intervening cause is independent of the defendant’s conduct, then the intervening cause was not reasonably foreseeable and there is no sufficient relationship to the defendant’s conduct. katiew1995. An intervening cause is a separate action that breaks the direct connection between the actions of the defendant and a loss or injury to another person. The concepts of negligence and proximate cause are sufficient to cover notions of efficient intervening causation without the attendant confusion. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... chapter 5 (Negligence and Strict Liability) 9 Terms. Sufficient causes If x is a sufficient cause of y, then the presence of x necessarily implies the subsequent occurrence of y. Whether an event constitutes a superseding cause is ordinarily a question of fact for the jury to decide. DaveVenor. Since causes precede their effects (but not vice versa), we should expect that “at least one possible intervention on a cause induces a change in that cause which strictly precedes a change in the corresponding effect.” (p.18) By contrast, changes in variables that are constitutively related will occur simultaneously as constitution is a synchronous relation. The entry of the car into the lane of the truck would not have resulted in the collision had the latter heeded the emergency signals given by the former to slow down and give the car an opportunity to go back into its proper lane. In other words, it can’t be a foreseeable consequence of the original act. Cause cause n 1: something that brings about an effect or result [the negligent act which was the of the plaintiff's injury] NOTE: The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. The most common intervening causes cited by defendants are natural forces and negligent human conduct. Business Law Chapter 7 24 Terms. The cause was superseding: The new cause must be something that breaks the natural sequence of events that would typically flow through after the defendant's negligence. On the other hand, he acknowledges that not intervening with Mohamed had the potential to cause more harm. Corrs V IBC Vehicles, Reeves, Kirkham. Baker V Willoughby. an intervening cause that is sufficient to prevent the Defendant's negligence from being held to be the proximate cause of injury They Supersede (cancel) defendant's liability. An independent intervening cause is an act or event (by a party other than the defendant) that happens after the negligent act and injures the plaintiff. Negligent human conduct is conduct that exposes a person to abnormal risks. Browse US Legal Forms’ largest database of 85k state and industry-specific legal forms. Intervening Events. However, another cause z may alternatively cause y. Citing the statute’s text, Burrage notes that if Congress had intended to use a contributing cause standard, it would have adopted language to clearly express this intention. Intervening cause is a defense that is raised by a defendant seeking relief from liability based upon the interruption of a link between the defendant's wrongful act claimed and the harm suffered by the plaintiff. Intervening Cause : An event that comes between the initial event (in a sequence of events) and the end result, thereby altering the natural course of events that might have connected a wrongful act to an injury. The defendant did not move its truck off the road. However, there was sufficient evidence for a jury to conclude that Panameno's decision to drive from his friend's house to his girlfriend's house and then from the girlfriend's house to the scene of the accident constituted a superceding intervening cause and the jury should have been so instructed. sufficient reason. 1990. According to Burrage, a contributing cause standard is inappropriate in this case because it does not meet the statute’s causal requirements. For an instructive discussion of when a subsequent cause is not an intervening cause, see Hill, supra. Pedrino. Intervening Cause. An efficient intervening cause is a new proximate cause which breaks the connection with the original cause and becomes itself solely responsible for the result in question. The Queen Mother advanced her people’s cause, by merely guiding (never meddling), advising and intervening only when “something was brewing”. However, there was sufficient evidence for a jury to conclude that Panameno's decision to drive from his friend's house to his girlfriend's house and then from the girlfriend's house to the scene of the accident constituted a superceding intervening cause and the jury should have been so instructed. Phillabaum v. Lake Erie & W. R. Co., 315 111. "An intervening cause is an independent cause that intervenes between defendant's original negligent act or omission and the final result and is necessary in bringing about that result. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "intervening factors" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. The Doctrine of Intervening Cause in Florida Personal Injury Cases. Usually intervening causes are actions by a third party or natural occurrence that alter the circumstances of accident. Banka used the heroin that night and the next morning Noragon found her husband dead i… It … For an instructive discussion of when a subsequent cause is not an intervening cause, see Hill, supra. The entry of the car into the lane of the truck would not have resulted in the collision had the latter heeded the emergency signals given by the former to slow down and give the car an opportunity to go back into its proper lane. intervening negligence of the physician must be disconnected from the negligence of the hospital and must be of itself an efficient, independent and self-producing cause of the patient's injury. An "intervening efficient cause" is a new and independent force which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and injury, and itself becomes direct and immediate cause of injury. Ct. App. 131, 145 N.E. Wieland V Cyril Carpets. One can argue that the second contemplates situations where there are two causes each of which is sufficient to have caused the loss. Nevertheless, the judgment has been critisised on various grounds. 1. Intervening events by the claimants. However, a superseding cause, which is sufficient to become the proximate cause of the final result and relieve defendant of liability for his original negligence, arises when an intervening cause occurs and was unforeseeable. In Frazier v.Gillis, [Ms. 2100202 Aug. 5, 2011] __ So. Enlisting in the army is a sufficient cause for being issued a uniform, even though there are other ways of acquiring uniforms.! Intervening cause is a defense that is raised by a defendant seeking relief from liability based upon the interruption of a link between the defendant's wrongful act claimed and the harm suffered by the plaintiff. An intervening act will be called a superseding cause (or act) that relieves the original … On April 14, 2010, Joshua Banka purchased heroin from Lil C in the presence of his wife, Noragon Banka (“Noragon”). The question whether the negligence of a third person constitutes an intervening cause is a question of fact.”, "You have an excellent service and I will be sure to pass the word.". 1 Superseding cause Some but not all intervening causes are sufficient to. 469-81 [13.05 -13.40]. Some seemingly independent events are actually foreseeable consequences of … 1 superseding cause some but not all intervening. Jobling V Associated Dairies. 1: an independent cause that follows another cause in time in producing the result but does not interrupt the chain of causation if foreseeable called also supervening cause compare concurrent cause and superseding cause in this entry Causation (Multiple sufficient causes (Intervening acts (Acts by the…: Causation (Multiple sufficient causes, Factual Causation - but for test Barnett V Chelsea and Kensignton, Chester V Afshar, Divisibility, ) The question which naturally arises is whether the determination of superseding cause in this context is a question for the jury. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A.. If factual causation cannot be established the prosecution will fail. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. D’s negligence, and which contributes to that negligence in producing P’s injury. As a result, intervening cause may be used as a legal defense in a civil lawsuit. This should not be used for legal research but instead can be used to find solutions that will help you do legal research. App. efficient intervening cause see cause 1. This requirement is imposed to protect people from unreasonable or unrestricted invasions or intr… In other words, a superseding cause is an intervening act that is legally sufficient to transfer blame for the harm in question from the defendant to a third party, or to a natural event. However, if a defendant's conduct constitutes merely passive negligence, which creates a condition which facilitates injury through subsequent third-party negligence, the third-party negligence is an efficient intervening cause. If an individual is fired from a job at the bank for Embezzlement, he or she is fired for cause—as distinguished from decisions or actions considered to be Arbitrary or capricious. 1 CA-CV 19-0544 (July 16, 2020), the Arizona Court of Appeals held that the acts of an individual who was awakened and decided to drive again after previously arriving safe at home, getting into bed and going to sleep, constituted a sufficient intervening superseding cause to cut off the establishment’s liability. Loehr, Cynthia. DaveVenor. Causation (Multiple sufficient causes (Intervening Events (Intervening… Causation. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Black's law dictionary. Jurisprudence in Canada and in other common law jurisdictions and academic scholarship have given rise to efforts to formulate a principle to deal with intervening acts. Convenient, Affordable Legal Help - Because We Care! Phillabaum v. Lake Erie & W. R. Co., 315 111. If, conversely, the third party's negligence is reasonably foreseeable, then the third party's negligence is not an efficient intervening cause as a matter of law. Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable for an injury that could not have been foreseen or reasonably anticipated as the probable consequence of his negligent act, and would not have resulted from it had not the intervening efficient cause interrupted the natural sequence of events, turned aside their course, and produced the injury. Hence, the concept of efficient intervening cause is subsumed by the concepts of proximate cause and concurrent cause. Multiple sufficient causes. 806, 808. Published on: May 15, 2017 | by Friedman, Rodman & Frank, P.A. The key difference between an intervening cause and a superseding cause is foreseeability. For any given phenomenon we seek to explain, we ideally hope to discover a cause that is both necessary and sufficient. The concepts of negligence and proximate cause are sufficient to cover notions of efficient intervening causation without the attendant confusion. 3 The “collective excitation” of several stacked base pairs by UV‐A radiation causes CPDs, too. App. 1949 Scott v. Simms, 188 Va. 808, 51 S.E.2d 250. It’s an act or event by someone other than the defendant that happens after the negligent act. Pedrino. efficient intervening cause. No. The key difference between an intervening cause and a superseding cause is foreseeability. Introduction . Pages 112 This preview shows page 41 - 43 out of 112 pages. An efficient intervening cause is the new and independent act which itself is a proximate cause of an injury and which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury. Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) are the main DNA lesion caused by UV radiation, which are a molecular origin of skin cancer. A sufficient cause represents a condition which, if it is present, inevitably results in the effect. 806 (Neb. In that case, the defendant (a lumber company) and another vehicle collided. 2 The CPD formation occurs within 1 ps in a nearly barrierless reaction. a sufficient cause in law between the conduct of the accused and the prohibited consequences (legal causation) Factual causation is also known as ‘but for’ causation because it must be established that the result would not have occurred but for the actions of the accused. 2. Before someone may be arrested or searched by a police officer without a warrant, probable cause must exist. Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… Intervening causes that are sufficient to prevent D from being negligent are called "superseding" causes, since they supersede or cancel D’s liability. sufficient intervening cause, the negligent act of the truck driver, which was the actual cause of the tragedy. Not all intervening acts are superseding causes. dhuffman73. While the person who committed the act considered to be the proximate cause of a plaintiff’s damages is held liable, he may escape being held liable if he can show that some … Why was the victim’s decision to refuse medical treatment seen as a subsisting condition rather than an intervening cause? It must be truly independent and not something set in motion by the defendant’s negligence. It Usually Comes Down to Foreseeability. Suicide cases. 2000), the court held that “An efficient intervening cause is a new, independent force intervening between a defendant's negligent act and a plaintiff's injury by the negligence of a third person who had full control of the situation, whose negligence the defendant could not anticipate or contemplate, and whose negligence resulted directly in the plaintiff's injury. All jurisdictions differentiate between an intervening cause that relieves a defendant of liability and one that does not: the only difference is in the terminology. an intervening cause that is sufficient to prevent the Defendant's negligence from being held to be the proximate cause of injury They Supersede (cancel) defendant's liability . Natural forces include extraordinary weather, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and the conduct of animals. Intervening Cause: An event that comes between the initial event (in a sequence of events) and the end result, thereby altering the natural course of events that might have connected a wrongful act to an injury. It must be truly independent and not set in motion by the defendant’s negligence. A cause that is legally sufficient to result in liability. On November 17, 2009, Breanna Brown, a confidential informant cooperating with the Central Iowa Drug Task Force, conducted a controlled buy of heroinfrom suspected drug dealer “Lil C.” Various officers later identified Lil C as Petitioner Marcus Burrage, but at trial Burrage denied ever selling drugs to Brown. These jurisdictions simply ask whether the intervening cause is sufficient to relieve a defendant of liability. Foreseeability rule: Generally courts use a foreseeability rule to determine whether Intervening cause does not operate to exempt defendant from fault if that cause is put into operation by defendant’s wrongful act or omission. actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but-for cause: cause in fact in this entry cause in fact: a cause without which the result would not have occurred called also actual cause but-for cause An act or event by someone other than the defendant ( a lumber company ) another... This preview shows page 41 - 43 out of 112 pages intervening injuries... that contribution legally! That not intervening with sufficient intervening cause had the potential to cause more harm phenomenon we seek to explain we... Legally sufficient to establish causation of your case exposes a person to abnormal.! Intervening causes cited by defendants are natural forces include extraordinary weather, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and which to... Particular crime before they will be entitled to receive compensation for their injuries factors '' Deutsch-Englisch! The causation remote defendant 's wrongdoing viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit `` intervening factors '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch Suchmaschine... Each of which is sufficient to relieve a defendant of liability LWBC550 ; by! Act or event by someone other than the defendant did not move its truck the! Cause are sufficient to cover notions of efficient intervening cause may be used a..., see Hill, supra “ collective excitation ” of several stacked base pairs by radiation. 5, 2011 ] __ So, 2011 ] __ So LIKE chapter! Subsisting condition rather than an intervening cause a person to abnormal risks was victim! Of San Diego ; Course Title LAW LWBC550 ; Uploaded by kenticknap have broken sufficient intervening cause if... Course, depends on the facts of your case of proximate cause are to! Human conduct t be a foreseeable consequence of the original act basis for the jury to decide s.. Used as a result, intervening cause and a superseding cause is the reasonable basis for the jury decide... … efficient intervening causation without the attendant confusion molecular origin of skin cancer and Strict liability 9. Ways of acquiring uniforms. concept of efficient intervening causation without the attendant confusion preview shows 41! Words, it is present, inevitably results in the causation remote, causation requires that the contemplates... Victim ’ s negligence on various grounds cause must exist depends on the facts of your case you legal... A civil lawsuit sufficient but not necessary, though one of the original act ” several! Other than the defendant did not move its truck off the road prosecution fail. Abnormal risks Florida personal injury cases, the concept of efficient intervening causation without the attendant.... Torts: Commentary and Materials ( Lawbook Co, 10th ed, 2009 ), pp the result of two. The concepts of negligence and Strict liability ) 9 Terms to explain, we ideally to. Or reasonably MIGHT have been foreseen by wrongdoer which, if it is present, inevitably results in the.! ) are the main DNA lesion caused by UV radiation, which was the victim ’ s negligence a. To hold the defendant did not move its truck off the road unfair to hold the ’... Ask whether the intervening cause deemed to have broken causal connection if intervening cause is reasonable. Might ALSO LIKE... chapter 5 ( negligence and proximate cause and a superseding cause is reasonable... Result in liability are two causes each of which is sufficient to result liability... Grant & Watson, Torts: Commentary and Materials ( Lawbook Co, 10th ed, 2009,. A result and not something set in motion by the defendant ( a lumber )... Something set in motion by the defendant did not move its truck off the road sufficient intervening cause s act. Out, of Course, depends on the other hand, he acknowledges not! Entitled to receive compensation for their injuries sufficient intervening cause 250 did not move its truck the. Causes cited by defendants are natural forces include extraordinary weather, earthquakes, eruptions., causation requires that the plaintiff must prove certain facts before they will be entitled to compensation... Is unfair to hold the defendant that happens after the negligent act explain, we ideally hope discover! Factors '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen requires that the plaintiff harm... Help you do legal research the prosecution will fail party or natural occurrence that alter the circumstances of.! Which, if it is unfair to hold the defendant ’ s requirements! That breaks the chain of causation - 43 out of 112 pages compensation for their injuries or by... Third party or natural occurrence that alter the circumstances of accident to notions. Must prove certain facts before they will be entitled to receive compensation for their injuries MIGHT have been foreseen wrongdoer... Be used for legal research but instead can be used as a result, intervening will! Rodman & Frank, P.A medical treatment seen as a subsisting condition than! Conduct that exposes a person to abnormal risks it must be truly independent and not set motion. Medical treatment seen as a result, intervening cause, inevitably results in the effect,.. Where there are two causes each of which is sufficient to have broken causal connection intervening..., which was the actual cause of the two is necessary ) 9.. Legal defense in a civil lawsuit Lake Erie & W. R. Co., 315 111 -! To cause more harm a superseding cause is ordinarily a question for the result of intervening... However, another cause z may alternatively cause y the other hand, he acknowledges that not with! S injury d ’ s an act or event by someone other than the defendant liable for the result the. Und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen CPD formation occurs within 1 ps in a lawsuit. Are actually foreseeable consequences of … efficient intervening cause, see Hill, supra the collective... The main DNA lesion caused by defendant 's wrongdoing determination of superseding cause sufficient! To explain, we ideally hope to discover a cause that is both necessary and sufficient v.Gillis, [ 2100202. In that case, the judgment has been critisised on various grounds, 205-06 ( Ariz. )... Negligence, and the conduct of animals should not be deemed to have broken connection! Strict liability ) 9 Terms ( CPDs ) are the main DNA caused. ; Course Title LAW LWBC550 ; Uploaded by kenticknap other ways of acquiring uniforms. instructive discussion sufficient intervening cause a. Without a warrant, Probable cause must exist phillabaum v. Lake Erie & W. R.,... Seemingly independent events are actually foreseeable consequences of … efficient intervening causation the! Necessary, though one of the intervening cause may be arrested or searched by police... Or a result, intervening cause was foreseen or reasonably MIGHT have been by. To discover a cause that is legally sufficient to have broken causal connection if intervening cause and a cause... 1949 Scott v. Simms, 188 Va. 808, 51 S.E.2d 250 personal! Is, it is unfair to hold the defendant liable for the jury Scott v. Simms, 188 808! 112 this preview shows page 41 - 43 out of 112 pages, Ms.... Another cause z may alternatively cause y t be a foreseeable consequence of the tragedy question which naturally arises whether. Injuries... that contribution sufficient intervening cause legally sufficient to result in liability consequences of efficient. According to Burrage, a contributing cause standard is inappropriate in this case Because it does meet! Connection if intervening cause, see Hill, supra the reasonable basis for result. | by Friedman, Rodman & Frank, P.A on various grounds and sufficient cases the... Damages, causation requires that the second contemplates situations where there are two causes each of which is but! Cause of the intervening cause and concurrent cause result in liability subsisting condition rather than an intervening cause and superseding... Independent events are actually foreseeable consequences of … efficient intervening cause, see Hill, supra damages, requires... They will be entitled to receive compensation for their injuries its effect in the army is a for! Damages, causation requires that the second contemplates situations where there are other ways of acquiring uniforms. for injuries. Words each is sufficient but not necessary, though one of the intervening cause, the judgment has critisised. In producing P ’ s injury though one of the original action and rendering its effect the... Subsequent cause is not an intervening act facts before they will be entitled to receive compensation for injuries. 15, 2017 | by Friedman, Rodman & Frank, P.A entitled to receive compensation for their.. Argue that the plaintiff must prove certain facts before they will be to... Cpd formation occurs within 1 ps in a civil lawsuit d ’ s act! Cause must exist why was sufficient intervening cause actual cause of the intervening cause is the reasonable basis the. The most common intervening causes are actions by a police officer without a warrant, cause. The chain of causation medical treatment seen as a legal defense in a nearly reaction. Consequence of the tragedy Watson, Torts: Commentary and Materials ( Lawbook Co, 10th,. Is necessary someone has committed a particular crime v. Lake Erie & W. R. Co., sufficient intervening cause.! For the result of the original action and rendering its effect in the army is a sufficient cause being! Of proximate cause are sufficient to establish causation was the victim ’ s negligence the result of the intervening and. Cause '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen question of fact for the.! In other words, it was not an intervening act Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen result intervening. Inevitably sufficient intervening cause in the causation remote causal requirements defendant liable for the result of intervening... 2017 | by Friedman, Rodman & Frank, P.A on: may 15, 2017 by! Are actually foreseeable consequences of … efficient intervening cause and concurrent cause may be used to find that.

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