2098. The same rule shall apply if the contractor cannot finish the work due to circumstances beyond his control. (1531), Art. The vendee is subrogated to the vendor's rights and actions. (n), Art. 1518. 1234. 1377. Art. But the compromise may be annulled or rescinded if it refers only to one thing to which one of the parties has no right, as shown by the newly-discovered documents. 1551. (n), Art. As regards the value of the thing deposited, the statement of the depositor shall be accepted, when the forcible opening is imputable to the depositary, should there be no proof to the contrary. The local civil registrar concerned shall enter all applications for marriage licenses filed with him in a register book strictly in the order in which the same shall be received. An obligation to give may be extinguished by the loss of the thing if: 1. the thing due is determinate or specific. (n), Art. (n), Art. (n) Article 2. 1826. (n), Art. (1519a), Art. (1819a), Art. When a partnership for a fixed term or particular undertaking is continued after the termination of such term or particular undertaking without any express agreement, the rights and duties of the partners remain the same as they were at such termination, so far as is consistent with a partnership at will. Prof. Manuel R. Riguera. Art. (n), Art. There is undue influence when a person takes improper advantage of his power over the will of another, depriving the latter of a reasonable freedom of choice. 1247. Art. (1748a), In case of temporary use by the bailor, the contract of commodatum is suspended while the thing is in the possession of the bailor. Guardians of the property of minors, appointed by the courts before this Code goes into effect, shall continue to act as such, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 320. The following contracts are rescissible: (1) Those which are entered into by guardians whenever the wards whom they represent suffer lesion by more than one-fourth of the value of the things which are the object thereof; (2) Those agreed upon in representation of absentees, if the latter suffer the lesion stated in the preceding number; (3) Those undertaken in fraud of creditors when the latter cannot in any other manner collect the claims due them; (4) Those which refer to things under litigation if they have been entered into by the defendant without the knowledge and approval of the litigants or of competent judicial authority; (5) All other contracts specially declared by law to be subject to rescission. — CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY The annuity may be constituted upon the life of the person who gives the capital, upon that of a third person, or upon the lives of various persons, all of whom must be living at the time the annuity is established. 1202. If the credit should be payable within a term or period which has not yet expired, the liability shall cease one year after the maturity. (n), Art. (1581a), Art. The sum thereby obtained shall be applied to the creditors' claims, or to the support of the spouse or relatives, as the case may be. (1513). The mere failure on the part of the creditor to demand payment after the debt has become due does not of itself constitute any extention of time referred to herein. (1837). 1167. Art. 1565. The price of securities, grain, liquids, and other things shall also be considered certain, when the price fixed is that which the thing sold would have on a definite day, or in a particular exchange or market, or when an amount is fixed above or below the price on such day, or in such exchange or market, provided said amount be certain. Art. 35:10. The same rule applies when the nature of the obligation requires the assumption of risk. (n), Art. 1212. If no time has been fixed, the condition shall be deemed fulfilled at such time as may have probably been contemplated, bearing in mind the nature of the obligation. (n), Art. 1335. The responsibility of two or more agents, even though they have been appointed simultaneously, is not solidary, if solidarity has not been expressly stipulated. Each one of the solidary creditors may do whatever may be useful to the others, but not anything which may be prejudicial to the latter. In the second case, the rules on agency in Title X of this Book shall be applicable. Necessaries are those referred to in Article 290. When the government, upon the failure of any person to comply with health or safety regulations concerning property, undertakes to do the necessary work, even over his objection, he shall be liable to pay the expenses. (1868a). 2112. (1516). 3. the debtor has not incurred delay. (n), Art. The Civil Code of the Philippines. Where the seller delivers to the buyer a quantity of goods larger than he contracted to sell, the buyer may accept the goods included in the contract and reject the rest. 1309. 1589. If only the share of each partner in the profits has been agreed upon, the share of each in the losses shall be in the same proportion. If the words appear to be contrary to the evident intention of the parties, the latter shall prevail over the former. Anything paid or delivered before the arrival of the period, the obligor being unaware of the period or believing that the obligation has become due and demandable, may be recovered, with the fruits and interests. (1269), Art. The husband and the wife cannot sell property to each other, except: (1) When a separation of property was agreed upon in the marriage settlements; or, (2) When there has been a judicial separation or property under Article 191. Any third person who induces another to violate his contract shall be liable for damages to the other contracting party. The guarantors, even though they be solidary, are released from their obligation whenever by some act of the creditor they cannot be subrogated to the rights, mortgages, and preference of the latter. 1626. In the latter case the notice, to be effectual, must be given at such time and under such circumstances that the principal, by the exercise of reasonable diligence, may prevent a delivery to the buyer. 1414. 1386. Download. Art. 1916. The debtor may pay any one of the solidary creditors; but if any demand, judicial or extrajudicial, has been made by one of them, payment should be made to him. Those obliged to deliver or to do something incur in delay from the time the obligee judicially or extrajudicially demands from them the fulfillment of their obligation. 1486. 1341. (n). Unless the deposit is for a valuable consideration, the depositary who may have justifiable reasons for not keeping the thing deposited may, even before the time designated, return it to the depositor; and if the latter should refuse to receive it, the depositary may secure its consignation from the court. 2080. The former is the trustee, while the latter is the beneficiary. (1) When it is made in compliance with a legal obligation; (2) When it takes place on the occasion of any calamity, such as fire, storm, flood, pillage, shipwreck, or other similar events. 1698. (1487a). Between persons who are absent, the acceptance of the agency cannot be implied from the silence of the agent, except: (1) When the principal transmits his power of attorney to the agent, who receives it without any objection; (2) When the principal entrusts to him by letter or telegram a power of attorney with respect to the business in which he is habitually engaged as an agent, and he did not reply to the letter or telegram. 1783. If it depends upon chance or upon the will of a third person, the obligation shall take effect in conformity with the provisions of this Code. The Revised Rules of Court in the Philippines (Codal) 2020. He may do such acts as may be conducive to the accomplishment of the purpose of the agency. 1692. 2170. Art. In the absence of stipulation, the share of each partner in the profits and losses shall be in proportion to what he may have contributed, but the industrial partner shall not be liable for the losses. The person making the offer may fix the time, place, and manner of acceptance, all of which must be complied with. The loser in any game which is not one of chance, when there is no local ordinance which prohibits betting therein, is under obligation to pay his loss, unless the amount thereof is excessive under the circumstances. (1803), Art. Art. 1260. (n), Art. 1511. Nevertheless, a guaranty may be constituted to guarantee the performance of a voidable or an unenforceable contract. Where the buyer is entitled to rescind the sale and elects to do so, if the seller refuses to accept an offer of the buyer to return the goods, the buyer shall thereafter be deemed to hold the goods as bailee for the seller, but subject to a lien to secure payment of any portion of the price which has been paid, and with the remedies for the enforcement of such lien allowed to an unpaid seller by Article 1526. (2) Object certain which is the subject matter of the contract; (3) Cause of the obligation which is established. 1900. The latter, one or more specific transactions. Art. 2087. Nothing in this Title, however, shall affect: (1) The provisions of any factors' act, recording laws, or any other provision of law enabling the apparent owner of goods to dispose of them as if he were the true owner thereof; (2) The validity of any contract of sale under statutory power of sale or under the order of a court of competent jurisdiction; (3) Purchases made in a merchant's store, or in fairs, or markets, in accordance with the Code of Commerce and special laws. 1412. The contractor is likewise responsible for the damages if the edifice falls, within the same period, on account of defects in the construction or the use of materials of inferior quality furnished by him, or due to any violation of the terms of the contract. (n), Art. 1899. (1151a), The penalty may be enforced only when it is demandable in accordance with the provisions of this Code. If the immovable sold should be encumbered with any non-apparent burden or servitude, not mentioned in the agreement, of such a nature that it must be presumed that the vendee would not have acquired it had he been aware thereof, he may ask for the rescission of the contract, unless he should prefer the appropriate indemnity. (1455a), Art. To determine the degree of intimidation, the age, sex and condition of the person shall be borne in mind. 1174. The bailor shall refund the extraordinary expenses during the contract for the preservation of the thing loaned, provided the bailee brings the same to the knowledge of the bailor before incurring them, except when they are so urgent that the reply to the notification cannot be awaited without danger. Civil Code of the Philippines annotated: Y Edgardo L. 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