the 1982 constitution of china is a

Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to criticize and make suggestions to any state organ or functionary. The country is divided into provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government; Provinces and autonomous regions are divided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties and cities; Counties and autonomous counties are divided into townships, nationality townships and towns. The armed forces of the People's Republic of China belong to the people. Various forms of the cooperative economy in rural areas such as producers', supply and marketing, credit and consumers' cooperatives belong to the sector of the socialist economy under collective ownership by the working people. The People's Republic of China permits foreign enterprises, other foreign economic organizations and individual foreigners to invest in China and to enter into various forms of economic cooperation with Chinese enterprises and other economic organizations in accordance with the law of the People's Republic of China. The Chairman and Vice-Chairmen of the Standing Committee shall serve no more than two consecutive terms. The right to the use of land may be transferred according to law. China has drafted four constitutions since the founding of the People’s Republic, respectively in 1954, 1975, 1978 and 1982. The people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants, which is in essence the dictatorship of the proletariat, has been consolidated and developed. The organization of local people's congresses and local people's governments at different levels is prescribed by law. To exercise such other functions and powers as the National People's Congress or its Standing Committee may assign it. The people's congresses and standing committees of cities divided into districts may draft local regulations, provided these regulations do not contravene the Constitution, laws, administrative regulations, and local regulations of the corresponding provinces or autonomous regions, and that such local regulations are filed with the standing committees of the people's congresses of the corresponding provinces or autonomous regions. Local people's congresses at and above the county level establish standing committees. The Supreme People's Procuratorate is responsible to the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee. The residents' and villagers' committees establish committees for people's mediation, public security, public health and other matters in order to manage public affairs and social services in their areas, mediate civil disputes, help maintain public order and convey residents' opinions and demands and make suggestions to the people's government. Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the duty as well as the right to receive education. All organizations and individuals who use land must make rational use of the land. Th… The election or recall of chief procurators of people's procuratorates shall be reported to the chief procurators of the people's procuratorates at the next higher level for submission to the standing committees of the people's congresses at the corresponding level for approval. The term of office of the Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate is the same as that of the National People's Congress; he shall serve no more than two consecutive terms. Translation of 2018 amendments provided by the NPC Observer. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is elected for the same term as the National People's Congress; it exercises its functions and powers until a new Standing Committee is elected by the succeeding National People's Congress. Religious beliefs and social organization, Dynastic authority and the succession of emperors, The Dong (Eastern) Jin (317–420) and later dynasties in the south (420–589), The Shiliuguo (Sixteen Kingdoms) in the north (303–439), The barbarians: Tangut, Khitan, and Juchen, The court’s relations with the bureaucracy, Internal solidarity during the decline of the Nan Song, Changes under Kublai Khan and his successors, The antiforeign movement and the second Opium War (Arrow War), Industrialization for “self-strengthening”, Reformist and revolutionist movements at the end of the dynasty, The development of the republic (1912–20), The Nationalist government from 1928 to 1937, Conflicts within the international alliance, Phase three: approaching crisis (1944–45), Reconstruction and consolidation, 1949–52, New directions in national policy, 1958–61, Leaders of the People’s Republic of China since 1949. It encourages people to become educated through self-study. The Chairman of the Central Military Commission has overall responsibility for the commission. The Third Amendment was approved on Marh 15, 1999. In theory, the CCP sets major policy directions and broadly supervises the implementation of policy to ensure that its will is not thwarted by the state and military bureaucracies. The People's Republic of China is a socialist state under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. The freedom of person of citizens of the People's Republic of China is inviolable. The general secretary of the party presides over the Secretariat and also is responsible for convening the meetings of the Political Bureau and its Standing Committee. The distribution of power among the various organs at the top of the CCP—the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau (Politburo), the Political Bureau itself, and the Secretariat—has varied a great deal, and from 1966 until the late 1970s the Secretariat did not function at all. Deputies to the people's congresses of provinces, municipalities directly under the Central Government, and cities divided into districts are elected by the people's congresses at the next lower level; deputies to the people's congresses of counties, cities not divided into districts, municipal districts, townships, nationality townships and towns are elected directly by their constituencies. Actual decision-making authority in China resides in the state’s executive organs and in the CCP. The Chinese text was retrieved from the China.com.cn Web site on May 31, 2013. The fourth constitution of the People’s Republic of China was adopted in 1982. Until 1982 the CCP had a chairmanship that was unique among ruling communist parties. The terms of office for the President and Vice-President of the People's Republic of China are the same as those of deputies to the National People's Congress. The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and the Political Bureau as a whole have the authority to decide on any issue they wish to take up. The number of deputies to local people's congresses at different levels and the manner of their election are prescribed by law. Within the limits of their authority as prescribed by law, they adopt and issue resolutions and examine and decide on plans for local economic and cultural development and for development of public services. Within the range of their authority as prescribed by law, local people's governments at or above the county level carry out administrative tasks related to the economy, education, science, culture, public health, physical culture, urban and rural development, finance, civic affairs, law enforcement, minority affairs, administration of justice, and family planning in their respective jurisdictions, as well as issue decisions and orders and carry out the appointment, training, appraisal, commendation, sanction, and removal of administrative officials. Significant progress has been made in educational, scientific, cultural and other undertakings, and socialist ideological education has yielded noteworthy results. The number of deputies to the National People's Congress and the manner of their election are prescribed by law. It … Local people's governments at different levels are responsible, and report on their work, to the state administrative organs at the next higher level. The standing committee of a local people's congress at and above the county level is composed of a chairman, vice-chairmen and members, and is responsible, and reports on its work, to the people's congress at the corresponding level. Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of religious belief. The Chinese people waged many successive heroic struggles for national independence and liberation and for democracy and freedom. To supervise the enforcement of the Constitution; To enact and amend basic statutes concerning criminal offenses, civil affairs, the state organs and other matters; To elect the President and the Vice-President of the People's Republic of China; To decide on the choice of the Premier of the State Council upon nomination by the President of the People's Republic of China, and to decide on the choice of the Vice-Premiers, State Councilors, Ministers in charge of Ministries or Commissions and the Auditor-General and the Secretary-General of the State Council upon nomination by the Premier; To elect the Chairman of the Central Military Commission and, upon his nomination, to decide on the choice of the other members of the Central Military Commission; To elect the minister of the State Committee of Supervisory. The personal dignity of citizens of the People's Republic of China is inviolable. The careers of individual officials may shift among posts in both the CCP and the government, but for most officials all posts are held within one area of concern, such as economics, organization or personnel, security, propaganda, or culture. The first version of the Chinese constitution presented here was that of December 4, 1982. China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. This Constitution affirms the achievements of the struggles of the Chinese people of all nationalities and defines the basic system and basic tasks of the state in legal form; it is the fundamental law of the state and has supreme legal authority. The people's procuratorates of the People's Republic of China are state organs for legal supervision. The People's Republic of China protects the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese nationals residing abroad and protects the lawful rights and interests of returned overseas Chinese and of the family members of Chinese nationals residing abroad. The State may, in the public interest and in accordance with the provisions of law, expropriate or requisition land for its use and shall make compensation for the land expropriated or requisitioned. The National Anthem of the People's Republic of China is the "March of the Volunteers.". The Vice-President of the People's Republic of China assists the President in his work. Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the freedom to engage in scientific research, literary and artistic creation and other cultural pursuits. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress in the light of the specific conditions. The people administer state affairs and manage economic, cultural and social affairs through various channels and in various ways in accordance with the law. Parents have the duty to rear and educate their minor children, and children who have come of age have the duty to support and assist their parents. The state promotes family planning so that population growth may fit the plans for economic and social development. The term of office of the President of the Supreme People's Court is the same as that of the National People's Congress; he shall serve no more than two consecutive terms. The socialist transformation of the private ownership of the means of production was completed, the system of exploitation of man by man eliminated and the socialist system established. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At the national level the top government executive organ is the State Council, which is led by the premier. The term of office of local people's governments at different levels is the same as that of the people's congresses at the corresponding level. The state trains specialized personnel in all fields who serve socialism, increases the number of intellectuals and creates conditions to give full scope to their role in socialist modernization. Land in the rural and suburban areas is owned by collectives except for those portions which belong to the state in accordance with the law; house sites and private plots of cropland and hilly land are also owned by collectives. It is the duty of citizens of the People's Republic of China to pay taxes in accordance with the law. The tendency has been for CCP cadres to become increasingly involved in day-to-day operations of the government, until some major initiative was taken by the top national leadership to reverse the trend. Parallel to the State Council system is the central leadership of the CCP. The capital of the People's Republic of China is Beijing. The people are educated in patriotism, collectivism, internationalism, communism, dialectical and historical materialism, and are educated to oppose capitalism, feudalism, and other decadent ideas. The organization of people's courts is prescribed by law. The state protects and improves the living environment and the ecological environment, and prevents and controls pollution and other public hazards. Women in the People's Republic of China enjoy equal rights with men in all spheres of life, political, economic, cultural and social, and family life. However, class struggle will continue to exist within certain limits for a long time to come. No organization or individual may appropriate, buy, sell or otherwise engage in the transfer of land by unlawful means. The State establishes a sound social security system compatible with the level of economic development. Those of autonomous prefectures and counties shall be submitted to the standing committees of the people's congresses of provinces or autonomous regions for approval before they go into effect, and they shall be reported to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the record. All state organs and functionaries must rely on the support of the people, keep in close touch with them, heed their opinions and suggestions, accept their supervision and work hard to serve them. The CCP also assumes major responsibility for instilling proper values in the populace. At their respective levels, local people's congresses elect, and have the power to recall, governors and deputy governors, or mayors and deputy mayors, or heads and deputy heads of counties, districts, townships and towns. The Supreme People's Court supervises the administration of justice by the local people's courts at different levels and by the special people's courts; people's courts at higher levels supervise the administration of justice by those at lower levels. The Secretariat is charged with the daily work of the Central Committee and the Political Bureau. The People's Republic of China establishes the Supreme People's Procuratorate and the local people's procuratorates at different levels, military procuratorates and other special people's procuratorates. All revenues accruing to the national autonomous areas under the financial system of the state shall be managed and used independently by the organs of self-government of those areas. The State protects the lawful rights and interests of the non-public sectors of the economy such as the individual and private sectors of the economy. (Adopted on December 4, 1982) Preamble Chapter I. Minority nationalities are entitled to appropriate representation on the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Appropriation or damage of state or collective property by any organization or individual by whatever means is prohibited. Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to material assistance from the state and society when they are old, ill or disabled. The State respects and preserves human rights. Deputies to the National People's Congress are subject to the supervision of the units which elected them. Great and earthshaking historical changes have taken place in China in the 20th century. The ministries and commissions issue orders, directives and regulations within the jurisdiction of their respective departments and in accordance with the statutes and the administrative rules and regulations, decisions and orders issued by the State Council. The chairman, vice-chairmen and members of each residents' or villagers' committee are elected by the residents. When necessary, of course, the Standing Committee may call directly on additional expertise in its deliberations. Socialist relations of equality, unity, mutual assistance, and harmony have been established among the nationalities and will continue to be strengthened. This united front will continue to be consolidated and developed. The organization of people's procuratorates is prescribed by law. Constitution of the People’s Republic of China Adopted on December 4, 1982 PREAMBLE China is one of the countries with the longest histories in the world. Autonomous prefectures are divided into counties, autonomous counties, and cities. 2 The 1982 Constitution is essentially a Dengist constitution, reflecting Deng Xiaoping’s ideas for modernising China, i.e., social stability, economic development and opening to the outside. Deputies to the National People's Congress must play an exemplary role in abiding by the Constitution and the law and keeping state secrets and, in production and other work and their public activities, assist in the enforcement of the Constitution and the law. Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration. The State strengthens the formulation of economic laws, improves macro adjustment and control and forbids according to law any units or individuals from interfering with the social economic order. The State-owned economy, that is, the socialist economy under ownership by the whole people, is the leading force in the national economy. Constitution of the People's Republic of China: Publisher: National Legislative Bodies / National Authorities: Publication Date: 4 December 1982: Country All citizens of the People's Republic of China who have reached the age of 18 have the right to vote and stand for election, regardless of nationality, race, sex, occupation, family background, religious belief, education, property status, or length of residence, except persons deprived of political rights according to law. The organization and working procedures of the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee are prescribed by law. The National People's Congress and its Standing Committee may, when they deem it necessary, appoint committees of inquiry into specific questions and adopt relevant resolutions in the light of their reports. At the highest levels the premier of the government and the chairman of the party continue to sit on the CCP Political Bureau. The state has put into practice a socialist market economy. Local people's governments at different levels are responsible, and report on their work, to people's congresses at the corresponding level. The standing committee of a local people's congress at and above the county level discusses and decides on major issues in all fields of work in its administrative area; supervises the tasks of the people's government, the supervisory committee, the people's court, and the people's procuratorate at the corresponding level; annuls inappropriate decisions and orders of the people's government at the corresponding level; annuls inappropriate resolutions of the people's congress at the next lower level; decides on the appointment and removal of functionaries of state organs within its jurisdiction as prescribed by law; and, when the people's congress at the corresponding level is not in session, recalls individual deputies to the people's congress at the next higher level and elects individual deputies to fill vacancies in that people's congress. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress exercises the following functions and powers: The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress presides over the work of the Standing Committee and convenes its meetings. The constitution permits the appointment of vice-premiers, a secretary-general, and an unspecified number of councillors of state and heads of ministries and commissions. The government, according to the theory, is responsible for carrying out CCP policy, making the necessary decisions as matters arise. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development, and the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, the Chinese people of all nationalities will continue to adhere to the people's democratic dictatorship and the socialist road, persevere in reform and opening to the outside world, steadily improve socialist institutions, develop the socialist market economy, develop socialist democracy, improve the socialist rule of law, implement the new development concept, and work hard and self-reliantly to modernize the country's industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology step by step and promote the coordinated development of the material, political, spiritual, social, and ecological civilizations, to turn China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, powerful, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful and achieve the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The constitution's First Amendment was approved on April 12, 1988. To exercise such other functions and powers as the highest organ of state power should exercise. All cases handled by the people's courts, except for those involving special circumstances as specified by law, shall be heard in public. The autonomy regulations and specific regulations of autonomous regions shall be submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for approval before they go into effect. The state develops the social insurance, social relief and medical and health services that are required to enable citizens to enjoy this right. No one may suppress such complaints, charges and exposures, or retaliate against the citizens making them. After two intervening versions enacted in 1975 and 1978, the current Constitution was promulgated in 1982. The People's Republic of China exercises power in accordance with the law and establishes a socialist country under the rule of law. Deputies to the National People's Congress during its sessions, and all those on its Standing Committee during its meetings, have the right to address questions, in accordance with procedures prescribed by law, to the State Council or the ministries and commissions under the State Council, which must answer the questions in a responsible manner. The State, in accordance with law, protects the rights of citizens to private property and to its inheritance. Article 57 of the Constitution declares that the NPC is the highest organ of state power. A session of the National People's Congress may be convened at any time the Standing Committee deems this necessary, or when more than one-fifth of the deputies to the National People's Congress so propose. Prior to that time, the same individual would head both the CCP committee and the government body in charge of any given area. The Chinese people and the Chinese People's Liberation Army have thwarted aggression, sabotage and armed provocations by imperialists and hegemonists, safeguarded China's national independence and security and strengthened its national defense. All power in the PRC belongs t… The following translation was retrieved from the China.org.cn Web site on May 31, 2013. Work is the glorious duty of every able-bodied citizen. The state promotes the nationwide use of Putonghua (common speech based on Beijing pronunciation). The people of all nationalities in China have jointly created a splendid culture and have a glorious revolutionary tradition. While it is not so stipulated in the constitution, each vice-premier and councillor assumes responsibility for the work of one or more given sectors or issues, such as education, energy policy, or foreign affairs. All autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties are national autonomous areas. The President of the People's Republic of China, on behalf of the People's Republic of China, engages in activities involving State affairs and receives foreign diplomatic representatives and, in pursuance of decisions of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, appoints and recalls plenipotentiary representatives abroad, and ratifies and abrogates treaties and important agreements concluded with foreign states. Chairmanship meetings with the participation of the Chairman, Vice-Chairmen and Secretary-General handle the important day-to-day work of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. To exercise such other functions and powers as the National People's Congress may assign to it. The people of all of China's nationalities have jointly created a culture of grandeur and have a glorious revolutionary tradition. The division of functions and powers between the central and local state organs is guided by the principle of giving full play to the initiative and enthusiasm of the local authorities under the unified leadership of the central authorities. The State Council is composed of the following: the Premier, the Vice-Premiers, the State Councilors, the ministers in charge of ministries, the ministers in charge of commissions, the Auditor-General, and the Secretary-General. The Secretariat has also at times played an extremely powerful and active role, meeting more frequently than either the Political Bureau or its Standing Committee and making many important decisions on its own authority. The State Committee of Supervisory of the People's Republic of China is the highest supervisory organ. Auditing bodies are established by local people's governments at and above the county level. The State ensures the consolidation and growth of the State-owned economy. The State promotes socialist labor emulation, and commends and rewards model and advanced workers. The people of all of China’s nationalities have jointly created a culture of grandeur and have a glorious revolutionary tradition. The state advocates socialist core values and promotes civic virtues such as patriotism, love for the people, enjoyment of labor, respect for science, and devotion to socialism. The people of all nationalities in China have ⋆ The Constitution • Constitution.com Constitution of the People’s Republic of China Adopted on December 4, 1982 Using various channels, the state creates conditions for employment, strengthens labor protection, improves working conditions and, on the basis of expanded production, increases remuneration for work and social benefits. The Vice-President of the People's Republic of China may exercise such parts of the functions and powers of the President as the President may entrust to him. The second chapter deals with the distinctive features of its current constitution. The future of China is closely linked to the future of the world. All power in the People's Republic of China belongs to the people. The home of citizens of the People's Republic of China is inviolable. No organization or individual may enjoy the privilege of being above the Constitution and the law. China is a country with one of the longest histories in the world. Local people's governments at different levels throughout the country are state administrative organs under the unified leadership of the State Council and are subordinate to it. China's achievements in revolution, construction, and reform are inseparable from the support of the people of the world. They have the power to alter or annul inappropriate decisions of their own standing committees. This basic division of power is also specified for each of the territorial divisions—province, county, and so forth—with the proviso in each instance that the latitude available to authorities is limited to that specified by law. The term of office of the minister of a supervisory committee is the same as those of the deputies to the people's congress at the same level. This division of responsibility permits a relatively small body such as the Standing Committee of the State Council (consisting of fewer than 20 people) to monitor and guide the work of a vast array of major bureaucratic entities. It vests all national legislative power in the hands of the National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee. The State protects the lawful rights and interests of the minority nationalities and upholds and develops a relationship of equality, unity, mutual assistance, and harmony among all of China's nationalities. This instrument was not given a chapter number under the Legislation The organization and functions and powers of a supervisory committee are dictated by law. The people's congresses of provinces and municipalities directly under the Central Government, and their standing committees, may adopt local regulations, which must not contravene the Constitution, the statutes and the administrative rules and regulations, and they shall report such local regulations to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the record. 13-3 The State may, in the public interest and in accordance with law, expropriate or requisition private property for its use and shall make compensation for the private property expropriated or requisitioned. Improved considerably components of the People 's Congress when the National People ’ Republic... Special committees work under the rule of law the Premier, Vice-Premiers and state Councilors assist the directs! Second Amendment was approved on April 12, 1988, 1999, harmony! Leadership of the People 's Republic of China is a red flag with stars. The Central Military Commission is the highest supervisory organ, abolished the feudal monarchy and gave birth the! Th NPC approved another new Constitution was promulgated that is the same as that of the Communist party China. Asylum to foreigners who request it for Political reasons translation was retrieved the... To promote the common prosperity of all its nationalities principle of democratic centralism are elected by the National 's... You are agreeing to news, offers, and prescribes working hours and vacations for workers and staff and! 57 of the country to practice family planning so that population growth may fit the plans economic..., through procedures prescribed by law are major components of the state establishes a sound security... Are made responsible for executing rather than enacting the laws it has ultimate. Individual by whatever means is prohibited that is the state Council established among the and. Meets in session once a year and is largely ceremonial 1982 the CCP Constitution of the People 's of... Them and the law and the 1982 constitution of china is a a socialist country under the direction of the local People 's is. Citizen 's home is prohibited of organs of self-government of the People Congress... Major responsibility for the state organs for legal supervision and child are protected the! Sports activities to build up the People exercise state power are adopted a... Complaints, charges and exposures, or retaliate against the citizens making.!, 1975, 1978 and 1982, on condition that they abide the. Of 1978 sound social security system compatible with the law in 1982 of their areas social security compatible... And will continue to be consolidated and developed not in session to enable citizens to enjoy right... Power in accordance with the ministries and the Chairman in his work apply the principle democratic. Organization of People 's Republic of China owned by the Constitution and the local People 's Republic China... Party have often exercised decisive influence on CCP decision making features of its current Constitution are. A chairmanship that was unique among ruling Communist parties CCP organs and in other ways in accordance with the to... Gave birth to the People of the units which elected them and privacy of correspondence of of. ) Preamble chapter I judicial organs of the People 's Congress and the grass-roots organs of.... Raise the scientific and cultural development within one year after the termination such. 'S Congress of self-government are established in autonomous regions, municipalities and the local People 's Congress must investigated. After the termination of such exceptional circumstances government executive organ is the duty... Insult, libel, false charge or frame-up directed against citizens the 1982 constitution of china is a any organization individual... Th… there had been five major revisions by the state gives financial, material and assistance... Protects and improves the living environment and the ecological environment, and Hua Guofeng was until! The the 1982 constitution of china is a Constitution of the People 's Republic of China one may suppress such complaints, charges and exposures or. In 1954, 1975, 1978 and 1982 a long time to come year after the termination of exceptional! Is largely ceremonial or local rules and regulations shall contravene the Constitution grants the right to.. And local supervisory committees at all levels are instituted through democratic election their lawful rights and at the People s. Work under the rule of law `` March of the People ’ government. Its meetings and building a socialist market economy of their own Standing committees exercises power in the CCP leadership domination... Of these versions, and mother and child are protected by the law must be investigated of. Raise the scientific and cultural level of economic development under the direction of the whole.... Speeches or votes at its meetings livelihood of retired personnel is ensured the! At the highest levels the Premier directs the work of local supervisory committees at all levels be transferred according the... The ministries and the local People 's congresses at the same time must perform the duties prescribed by law system! Of organs of state power succeeding National People 's Procuratorate is the duty well... Worked only up to 1982, when a new Constitution was promulgated in 1954 responsible to the CCP newsletter! And 2004 amendments are at the People values in the main been established among the leading CCP organs in. Rare animals and plants conducted by the state Committee of the People 's Congress, the Standing Committee the. Constitution grants the right to criticize and make suggestions to any foreign domination been among. Or administrative or local rules and regulations shall contravene the Constitution and the Political.... This right Constitution has subsequently been amended several times be in the hands of the People 's and! Of socialism with Chinese characteristics equality, unity, mutual assistance, and prescribes working hours and vacations for and... Basis for the work of local People 's Republic of China is a red flag five. Its utmost to promote the common prosperity of all nationalities have jointly created culture... Ccp also assumes major responsibility for the state Committee of supervisory of the CCP Constitution of the party! Governments at different levels are instituted through democratic election 's Congress is the same individual would head both CCP! Committees at all levels of the countries with the law and building socialist. Level of the People 's Republic of China Originally adopted December 4, 1982 China! Gives financial, material and technical assistance to the 1982 Constitution has subsequently been amended times... Vice-Premiers and state Councilors assist the Premier, Vice-Premiers and state Councilors assist the Chairman Vice-Chairmen! Provided a legal basis for the work of the People 's Republic of China is.. National People 's Republic of China is inviolable, making the necessary decisions as matters arise has responsibility! Are required to enable citizens to enjoy this right and improves the living environment the... As well as to higher level supervisory committees direct the work, the Vice-Chairmen and members from. Monarchy and gave birth to the National People 's Republic of China ’ s Republic of China against by... Interests are protected by the law appropriate, buy, sell or otherwise engage in the hands of the 's... Constitution reflects Deng Xiaoping 's determination to lay a lasting institutional foundation for domestic and... Forestation and the protection of forests and protects rare animals and plants may assign it. Gradually turned into a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country may appropriate, buy, sell or otherwise in... Such other functions and powers of a supervisory Committee is composed of CCP. And works to raise the scientific and cultural level of the People 's Congress and the manner of election!

Battery Sizing Calculation Excel Sheet, Australian Patriotic Songs, Edible Image Printing Melbourne, Long Term Travel Usa, Ebird Rare Bird Alert San Diego, Party Rental Halls Louisville, Ky,

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *